Findindonesia.com – For most people, the mosque may be known only as a place for Muslims to worship, such as prayer and reading the Qur’an. But more than that, the mosque is the center of Islamic activities such as education, socio-economic activities, da’wah, syiar Islam, and the commemoration of Islamic holidays.
From the above understanding, we know that the mosque is an inseparable building of Muslims. So no wonder you will easily find mosques in Asian countries, which are predominantly Muslim like Indonesia, Malaysia, and Brunei.
In Indonesia there are at least 800,000 mosques registered, the amount could be far more. Therefore Indonesia gets the nickname “Country Of A Million Mosques“.
In Indonesia, the mosque was built with very beautiful architecture and a very large size so that it could accommodate many worshipers. The mosque is not only a place for developing the center of civilization but a symbol of national pride.
Well, here are 3 of the largest mosques in Indonesia, which are among the top 10 largest mosques in the Southeast Asia region.
1. Samarinda Islamic Center Mosque, Samarinda
Samarinda Islamic Center Mosque or Baitul Muttaqien Mosque is the 4th largest mosque in Southeast Asia, the third largest in Indonesia, and also the first largest on the island of Borneo. Yes, the Samarinda Islamic Center Mosque is located on the banks of the Mahakam River, East Kalimantan.
It has a building area of 43,500 m2 making it able to accommodate up to 45,000 worshipers. The Islamic Center of the Samarinda Mosque is still new.
Built since 2001 during the era of President Megawati Sukarnoputri, this mosque was completed and was officially opened during the era of President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in 2008.
2. Al-Akbar National Mosque, Surabaya
Al-Akbar National Mosque, also known as “Masjid Agung Surabaya”, was built in 2000 on an area of 11,200 m2, with a building area of 28,500 m2. From his name, we know that this mosque is located in the city of Surabaya, the capital of East Java.
From page simas.kemenag.go.id, it is stated that this mosque can accommodate 59,000 worshipers. So it was named the second largest mosque in Indonesia and the second largest mosque in Southeast Asia.
Al-Akbar Mosque has a 99-meter tall tower that is open to the general public. From above we can see the beauty of the city of Surabaya, the most beautiful city version of “The Guangzhou International Award 2018“, which looks more beautiful at night.
3. Istiqlal Mosque, Jakarta
Who is an Indonesian who doesn’t know the Istiqlal Mosque, I don’t think so. Yes, Istiqlal Mosque is a proud mosque and an icon for Indonesian Muslims.
The Istiqlal Mosque which is located opposite the Cathedral Church in the Heart of Jakarta is a symbol of religious tolerance in Indonesia. The Vatican Foreign Minister once said that “Istiqlal is an icon of tolerance in Indonesia“.
A small example of a form of tolerance is when many church congregations park their vehicles at Istiqlal on Sundays or Christmas.
Istiqlal comes from Arabic which means “independence“. This mosque was built as a thanksgiving to God for Indonesia’s independence.
Initiated by President Soekarno since 1955, the Istiqlal Mosque was inaugurated on February 22, 1978, by President Soeharto.
With a land area of 93,200 m2 and a building area of 24,200 m2, the Istiqlal Mosque is capable of accommodating 200,000 people. As the title of this article, “Istiqlal Mosque has been named the largest mosque in Indonesia, the largest in Southeast Asia and the 4th largest in the world”.
The facts above cannot be separated from the structure of the Istiqlal Mosque which is very unique. The design of the Istiqlal Mosque was the work of architect Frederich Silaban (a Protestant Christian), who won the 1955 Drawing Plan Competition.
Yes, until now the Istiqlal Mosque is still an icon for the Indonesian people. Therefore many world leaders visited this mosque during their visit to Indonesia.
The following is the world leader who ever visited the Istiqlal Mosque:
- President of the United States, Bill Clinton (1994)
- President of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (2006)
- Prince Charles of the United Kingdom (2008)
- President of the United States Barrack Obama (2010)
- President of Austria, Heinz Fischer (2010)
- President of the Federal Republic of Germany, Christian Wulff (2011)
- German Chancellor, Angela Markel (2012)
- President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan (2015)
- King of the Saudi Arabian Kingdom, King Salman (2017)
- President of Afghan, Ashraf Ghani (2017)
- Vice President of the United States, Mike Pence (2017)
- Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi (2018)